Joseph Stalin scarce autograph. Stalin was the General secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. One of the Bolshevik revolutionaries who was part of the Russian Revolution of 1917, he succeeded Lenin and became the unchallenged Premier of the Soviet Union. His central tenet was socialism and although he launched a period of economic and industrial growth which led to nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize, ultimately his methods of purging and executions led to a reign of terror. Famously, the great statue of Stalin erected in 1910 was beheaded that same year by unknown vandals.