King Ferdinand And Queen Isabella Signed Document

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Ferdinand of Aragon (1452-1516) & Isabella of Castile (1451-1504). Patrons of Christopher Columbus, and the Catholic king and queen of Castile, Aragon, Sicily, and Naples.  Guadalupe, April 13, 1502, document To Don Pedro of Castile, Magistrate of Toledo signed by both Ferdinand and Isabella and by secretary of state, Miguel Perez de Almazan (d. 1514), the king and queen’s trusted advisor. As the court’s chancellor, he infamously signed the 1492 order to expel the Spanish Jews and worked with Coloma in drafting the Capitulation of Santa Fe, the agreement negotiated between Ferdinand and Isabella and Christopher Columbus prior to his voyage of discovery! He was given a seat with the Knights and order of magistrate. It is an order to appease the conflict of magistrates and ends: "Done in the city of Guadalupe, the thirteenth of April, in the year of fifteen hundred and two.” All handwritten by scribe with original signatures by Ferdinand I, the King / and Isabella, I, the Queen, (and signature) Miguel Péres Dalmasa.  Ferdinand and Isabella consolidated their powers in 1479, and with the implementation of the 1489 Ordinances of Medina, established Valladolid as the seat of the highest court in the Spanish judicial system. Their Royal Council of Castile appointed municipal judges to enforce laws. The establishment of the Council was an attempt to diminish the power of the nobility by taking aim at the Cortes Generales, which controlled taxation. This unification became integral to the pacification of Castile, making it one of the continent’s first strong nation states. During the middle ages, Spain was a hotbed of chivalric orders, including the famed Knights Templar, devoted to the defense of Christianity. By the late middle ages, however, those earlier militant forms of chivalry had given way to monarchical orders, which were largely fraternal in nature. Ferdinand and Isabella’s consolidation of power has been credited with contributing to the decline of chivalric orders in Spain. “Once the mission of driving the Moors from Spain was accomplished, the four Orders, like the great crusader Orders elsewhere in Europe, were perceived as over-mighty subjects and it became a priority for the Crown to gain control over them – particularly to avoid dissension at a time when the Crown was struggling to establish its central authority,”  This document is an example of the Catholic monarchs asserting their authority over a local chivalric order that had tried to oust an agent of the crown from its ranks.  


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