Pope Pius IX, 1792 - 1878, head of the Catholic Church from 1846 to 1878, the longest reigning elected pope in the history of the Catholic Church. Pius convened the very first Vatican Council, caused the release of political prisoners in the Papal States, and because of his more generous and peaceful views became sequestered in Rome, thus called the “Prisoner of the Vatican”. His policies and appeal for worldwide support created a revival in the Catholic Church, with rules still used today to enable the Pope to respond to those suffering as a result of war, oppression, natural disaster and disease. For this he was canonized in 1907 and passed through the beatification process to become a Saint. An Extraordinary piece of history. St. Pope Pius had much association with Germany and France which changed with the philosophies of those countries, as it changed with its leaders. Perhaps that is how he came to be viewed by the illustrators at the Dresden Academy as part of the story of the Tower of Babel, what caused it to be built, and the scattering of people who could not understand each other once it fell.
Here is a 12x15 engraving illustration by Johann Carl August Gaber called “The Building of the Tower of Babel”, marked A. Gaber.Dresden. Gaber, 1823-1894 was born in Berlin and became a student at the Academy there, working with Ludwig Richter who together were illustrators and painters of the "Scared images in the Age of Romanticism”.